Genisis 1:1 – In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.  Genisis 1: 9-14 – And God said, ”Let the water under the sky be gathered to one place and let the dry ground appear”.  And it was so.  God called the dry ground “land” and the gathered waters he called “seas”.  And God saw that it was good.  Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on the land that bear fruit with seed on it, according to their various kinds”.  And it was so.  The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seeds according to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seeds according to their kinds.  And God saw that it was good.  And there was  evening and there was morning – the third day.

Soil capable of supporting vegitation was created ready to go on the third day.  Today we see this soil, essential to the plants that support all other life in an ecosystem as food and producers of oxygen, continuing to form.  The soil forming factors humans  understand through science to explain soil formation are:  1. Parent Material  2. Vegetation and Living Organisms  3. Climate  4. Topography, and  5. Time.  

These factors help us to determine soil type changes which in turn helps us delineate soils on a map.   Knowing the various soil types allow us to apply research, manage soil erosion, assign productivity ratings , determine suitability for selected crops, determine irrigability, and determine limitations and potentials for many uses.

A variety of soil types have been identified on the Christ Serve Ranch property.  

The Corliss soil drains very quickly due to the presence of sand and gravel in the outwash left behind by meltwater from ice age glaciers.  These soils are sometimes used for crops, but often need to be irrigated.  Other uses include pasture and woodlands.

The Clontarf soils are also fairly well drained and are also formed in glacial sediments, but with less slope some finer sediment is present creating sandy loams.  Crops like corn and soybeans are often grown on this soil type.  The native vegitation is tall grass prairie.

The Lida soil is a sandy loam, also formed in glacial outwash sediments.  The soil is well drained and is often used for cropland.  The native vegitation of this soil type is aspen, oak, maple, and basswood.  Although maple trees are not yet established on the property, this is the forest type that can be seen on here at the ranch.

Unlike the other soil types at CSR, the Pinelake soils are poorly drained with very slow runoff.  

To learn more about soils at CSR, visit Web Soil Survey.

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